The Third Anglo Mysore War

Anglo Mysore War- From Nizams point of view.

With Haider Ali’s troops now marching towards the Karnataka and the Nizam threatening to join him the British had to act fast. Through the skillful mix of military force, diplomacy and a little bit of bribery hasting manage to avert the disaster. Pune was brought to its heels by the arrival of six sepoy battalions. Nagpur’s leader has been brought off. Hasting also sacked the controversial governor of madras, Sir Thomas Rumbold. He then appointed the British resident John Holland in Hyderabad.

 

Hasting was replaced as the Governor-general in 1786 by Lord Cornwallis, who arrived in India fresh from his surrender to George Washington at Yorktown during the American war of Independence. Although Hasting restored the fortunes of the East India Company, he left some unfinished business. Cornwallis first intentions were to go to war against Tipu of Mysore. But first, he had to build up an alliance with Hyderabad and the Marathas.

Lord Cornwallis

Cornwallis reacted by instructing his residents in Pune and Hyderabad to bring to Marathas and the Nizams into a tripartite alliance against Mysore and assemble the strongest possible armies to press an attack.
Under the terms of the treaty concluded with the Nizam in July 1790. It was agreed that Hyderabad would wage war separately against Tipu Sultan. The treaty contained clauses that the Nizam to each sends on demand 10,000 cavalries to operate with the British. In return, the British would supply them with two detachments of battalion strength. Each party would receive a third of the share of any territory captured during the campaign.

 
This time Nizam kept to his side of the bargain, but his forces moved so slowly that it was April before they finally joined Cornwallis’s at Kottapalli.
They were successful in the siege. Instead on attacking Mysore head-on they swing into the district of Kuddapah, where they became bogged down in another time-consuming attack on the hill fortress of Gurramkonda. The war itself took a year to finish.

Great Tipu Sultan

Tipu Sultan finally called for a negotiated settlement in February 1793. Tipu was to pay an indemnity of 33 million rupees, surrender half of his territories and hand over to the British custody of two of his children, both eight at the time, as surety.
All that was left was for the victors to share the spoils. Although his forces had played a minor role, the Nizam walked away with a large swath of territory.
No sooner had the booty dispersed, however than the triple alliance Cornwallis hoped for would become a permanent began falling apart. This time it was the Marathas.
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